Standing in crossroads not knowing which engineering path to pick after your 12th or II PUC? A thorough research of all the fields is vital before you pick your branch. Let us explore the most sought-after branch of engineering – Electronics and Communication Engineering (ECE).
Electronics and communication engineering is the study, analysis, design, testing, and development of data communications happening over wired and wireless systems. As a sub-discipline of Electronics engineering, the field saw a surge in popularity around the 20th century with the developments in the data transmission and communication sector. In simple terms, you will learn subjects from both the communication and electronics engineering field. This branch of engineering had gained a boost in the last two decades with the increase in the hardware and software interdependency.
What are Electronics and Communication Engineering (ECE)?
ECE in engineering deals with circuits, electronic devices, communicational equipment like transmitter, receiver, integrated Circuits (IC), analogue & digital communication systems, reception of data and basic electronics. As students you will study how the satellites, television, radio and audio transmission happen. The syllabus also covers the working principles of microprocessors, wave and antennae progression, microwave engineering, satellite communication, AM, FM, and DTH. The course programme aims to technically upskill the students in professional designing, testing, developing and implementation, operation, production, and maintaining various applications in the field of Electronics and Communication engineering.
Subjects in BE ECE:
In a structured 4-year undergraduate BE programmes, you will be learning the basics of the engineering in the first two semesters like
- Calculus and Linear Algebra
- Engineering Physics
- Basic Electrical Engineering
- Elements of Civil Engineering and Mechanics
- Engineering Graphics
- Engineering Physics Laboratory
- C Programming for Problem Solving
- Basic Electronics
- Elements of Mechanical Engineering
- Engineering Chemistry Laboratory
- C Programming Laboratory
- Advanced Calculus and Numerical Methods
In the second and the coming years the subjects will include
- Computer Organization
- Software Engineering
- Analog and Digital Electronics Laboratory
- Data Structures Laboratory
- Complex Analysis, Probability and Statistical Methods
- Analog Circuits
- Control Systems
- Artificial Neural Networks
- Object Oriented Programming using C++
- Digital System Design using Verilog
- IoT & Wireless Sensor Networks
- Automotive Electronics
- Multimedia Communication
- Machine Learning
Recent trends in ECE:
Embedded systems, VLSI, Machine Learning, and Data structures are the top trending subjects in the field of ECE. The domain is gaining increased traction with the recent innovations and technologies.
A) Embedded systems and VLSI:
Embedded systems are a hardware and software combination of specific computer design. In simple terms, the MP3 players, digital cameras, digital wristwatches, refrigerators, microwave ovens are all examples of embedded systems. While embedded systems focus on writing the code and program for implementing a function to the circuit or cell, the VLSI knowledge helps in translating the programmed instructions into the structure. In simple words, Embedded systems deal with the code and functioning (software part), while VLSI deals with the hardware part of the device.
B) Machine learning:
Machine learning in ECE is a type of Artificial learning where the machines are able to almost predict the outcomes without being programmed. Image recognition in security systems, voice recognition in electrical lighting systems is an example of Machine learning in ECE.
C) Data structures:
A data structure is a study of organisation and storage of data. It also deals with the method of arranging the available or stored data in the computer so that they are easily accessible. Modern electronic devices like Alexa speakers, that help store data and easy access through voice recognition are examples of ECE and Data structures.
D) AI and IoT:
AI- Artificial intelligence and Internet of things are a combination of both hardware and software and is an upcoming popular field with ECE. Drones, humanoids, and robots are a fusion of AI and Electronics engineering.
With the advent of Electrical vehicles, wireless power transfer, smart grids, energy saving lights, etc. the demand for electrical and communication engineers are on the demand.
Career prospects and Future of ECE:
Electrical engineers have a wide opportunity as entry level analyst and communication in the electrical engineering field as the need for advancement with respect to communication and technology keeps increasing. Students with a good aptitude skill, interest in core electronics can land up with a job either in the government or private sector. Companies like Tata Elxsi, Cadence, L&T InfoTech, Bosch, TCS, Infosys, Texas Instruments, and Intel to name a few. The following are few of the jobs ECE students can land up after completing BE in ECE
- Telecom engineer
- R&D analyst
- Software analyst
- Network planning engineer
- Technical Director
- Service engineer
You can also clear the GRE/GMAT to pursue MS or ME or MTech in a lot of growing ECE subjects like VLSI, Artificial intelligence, machine learning, robotics, etc. There is an increasing demand for the senior level engineers with management background to manage the growing teams. The students can also further finish their M.Phil. and Ph.D. (doctorate) for pursuing a career as a scientist. The engineers complete their M.Phil. have a chance of starting their career as a professor.
With the growing trends in Electronics and communication engineering field, there is a constant demand for innovative engineers for the upcoming technologies. Automation being the future of tomorrow with robots and AI field, students must look for a college that helps them keep updated with the trends and provides world-class exposure and experienced faculty team. For the growing trends in ECE, there must be a good foundation provided by the college for the students to carve a niche for themselves in the world.
Why CMRIT for ECE:
CMRIT, one of the leading colleges offering the Electronic and communication engineering course, has a world class syllabus affiliated with Visvesvaraya technological university. The college has a good infrastructure with the recent technological advancement in terms of lab facilities. Their Makerspace laboratory has recent 3D technological tools both software and hardware for the students to share and innovate for a better future.
The faculty team are all well read with holding different positions as research scholars to assist the students to understand the concepts better. The pedagogical method followed will help the students not only in just memorising for the exam, but also will help them learn through their experiencing the lessons. The college has centres of excellence in several fields with a partnership from industry experts for each centre to help the students be updated with the industry related skills.
The CMR IT, an award-winning college among the best ECE colleges in Bangalore, provides 100% placement assistance with its experienced placement cell. The college ensures that the students are provided the necessary industry exposure with the relevant job-skill related training, internships, and campus placements. CMR Institute of Technology has tied up with Infosys for the students to get real-world exposure. To know more about the facilities for ECE, you can email at email@example.com or call at +91 80 28524466 / 77